A healthy indoor garden, you see, isn’t just about the growers' pouring love for their crops but involves a great deal of their understanding of plant science and optimal lighting technology to grow more efficiently.

An experienced grower knows that LEDs efficiently convert electricity into valuable photons that fall in the PAR region of the spectrum.

But when it comes to a specific 10 x 10 grow room, choosing the right amount of LED and knowing how they affect photosynthesis can be challenging and oftentimes confusing.

This article will help you comprehend the LED spectrums for 10 x 10 grow rooms and how full spectrum LED grow light will effectively contribute to crop production.

Brief Overview Of The Importance Of Proper Lighting In Indoor Gardening.

Light is a fundamental energy source and a recipe for life as far as plants are concerned. The photosynthesis process of the plant, by which they convert light energy into chemical energy, is the basis for their growth.

 

Pigments known as chlorophyll reflect and derive the light energy and then use it to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. The glucose produced serves as an energy source for growth, while oxygen is released into the atmosphere.

 

Without these light sources, plants are unable to build tissues, pigments, hormones, defensive chemicals, and so forth – as they don’t get enough calories they need to survive and grow.

And when it comes to indoor houseplants, grow light does a similar function. In this regard, LEDs are the most suitable grow light option. To have an optimal growing environment with adjustable lighting and color wavelengths, Phlizon Full Spectrum LED Grow Lights has become your go-to choice.

With grow lights like these, gardeners can start a fleet of seedlings, get a rare orchid to bloom, and have fresh food all year round, regardless of their grow zone.

Inadequate or overexposure to light, in both cases, can be a cause for plant destruction. By that, we mean pale yellow leaves, uneven bushy growth, and flavorless and non-aromatic foliage.

Obviously, each stage of the plant journey requires a different amount of PAR light to process, so keeping that in mind, full-spectrum LEDs from Phlizon are best suited to serve this need.

Introduction To LED Lights As A Preferred Choice For Grow Rooms.

Recently, indoor gardening has been a new emerging interest among horticulturists. Whether it's about setting up a small-scale herb garden, decorating kitchen windowsills, or operating fully-equipped hydroponic setups in spare rooms, many people can't get enough of the good vibe of plants in their homes.

 

As new technologies bring in new innovations every day in the form of LED grow lights, it's now easier for farmers or literally anyone with no or little gardening experience to grow lush, healthy, thriving plants indoors.

 

Full spectrum LED grow lights are a true reflection of the sunlight in a way that they share the same spectrum. It is an excellent supplement to natural light or a practical light source for plants when sunlight is adequate or unavailable.

 

LED grow lights help in areas where the consequences of inappropriate sunlight levels alter plants' appearance and impact a plant's health, even if it isn't immediately noticeable.

 

Not only does it benefit you from the plant's structural point of view, but it also offers numerous other economic perks for many good reasons.

 

Unlike other artificial lights, they’re supremely efficient, producing very little heat compared to their brightness. Also, you can find LED bulbs in a wide variety of options, screw-in replacement bulbs to stand-alone desktop and clip-on fixtures, and high-intensity greenhouse lights.

 

So what better than the deal of having your healthy blooming plants together with saving a considerable amount on your electricity bills?

 

Section 1: Understanding the Basics of Grow Room Lighting

Explanation Of Key Terms: Lumens, Watts, PAR (Photosynthetically Active Radiation).

When it comes to finding the perfect lighting for your grow room, you should know some of the terms and concepts associated with the science of this pursuit: Lumens, watts, and PAR. Although these terms may appear familiar to everyday growers or hobbyists, a little refresher is still needed.

 

When comparing the different sources, these terms will give clues about which grow light system is more appropriate for your plant's needs.

 

Lumens: Simply put, the lumen (measured in lux or foot-candles) is the unit measurement of the amount of visible light a human can see, usually emitted by the light source. LUX is the total brightness of a light source; the more it reflects, the brighter the light source is to our eyes.

 

The number of lumens produced solely depends on the light source you’re using. For example, light bulbs deliver 15 to 17 lumens per watt, fluorescents generate 45 to 100 lumens per watt, and LED light produces 70 to 100 lumens per watt.

 

For plants that require minimum lighting, 2,000 to 3,000 lumens per square foot of the room is ideal, and for plants that require more light – 7,000 to 7,500 lumens per square foot is perfect.

 

The plant struggles to get sufficient lighting from the artificial light source. The more it is bright, the more it's suitable for the plant. So, picking the one that offers the number of lumens needed for your plant makes lumens important to plants.

 

Watt: It is a relative measure to calculate the electricity consumption. Take it as the global standard for calculating the rate of energy transfer. Usually, One watt is equal to one joule per second. Just like we measure water flow in liters (or gallons) per second. With electricity, we use Watts.

 

The measurement result of the watt of your grow room would only reflect how much it will cost to operate this grow light. You won’t know anything yet about how well this grow light is actually going to work for growing plants.

 

Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR): PAR is the total amount of energy in 400-700nm wavelengths, measured in quantum photon flux that plants "see" to photosynthesize.

 

The term PAR, or photosynthetically active radiation, contains the wavelength most scientists discovered is vital for plants and corresponds with the visible spectrum (the light wavelengths the human eye can see).

 

PAR is not a measurement in numbers but rather a way to describe a range of light. The higher the PAR output of your LED grow light, the more edible light your plants get.

 

The metric helps you because Blue light (400-500 nm) within the PAR promotes vegetative growth, helping develop strong, sturdy stems and leaves. Red light (600-700 nm) stimulates flowering and fruiting, affecting the overall yield of flowers and vegetables.

 

But when they are combined, they create the ideal spectrum for plant growth, ensuring they receive the necessary wavelengths for optimal development.

Baby plants from seedlings to a few weeks old typically require lower PAR intensity of about 150 to 250 µmols/m²/second as they're likely to be stressed if the light intensity is too high.

 

As they enter week two or three, they can use a much higher PAR intensity of about 800 µmols/m²/second for the vegetative stage and towards the Flowering stage.

 

However, In late Veg and flowering, a PAR intensity from about 300 to 1,500 µmols/m²/second can be used, and the growth rate will vary accordingly.

 

Importance Of Light In Plant Growth And Development.

 

Light is a commodity, an essential contributor, and a tool that cannot be taken for granted because it’s the catalyst and pivot upon which a successful greenhouse succeeds or fails.

Consider it as playing the role of the main character in the development and nourishment of plants, but this doesn’t mean that any amount of light would do great for every species.

Sunlight, indeed, provides the optimal growing environment, but when it comes to growing lights,  you need to set appropriate levels, which means adjusting the intensity, duration, and placement.

When they get too little light, the leaves begin to lean or reach toward the light and change their position by tilting it to intercept more light or avoid bright light.

 

So, you’ve to understand that a suitable light level would add significantly to what you call a full-green garden with colorful flowers and plentiful leaves.

Section 2: Why Choose LED Lights for Your Grow Room?

While learning about the lighting basics, you’ll hear that LED lighting is the most widely used artificial source because, with LED lights in your grow room, you put yourself and your plants at a great advantage. LEDs are the only lights capable of providing plants with the exact light spectrum they need for all stages of the growth cycle, thus offering the highest quality of light to plants.

This highly efficient light source is environmentally friendly with no carbon footprint and offers a 20-50% increase in nutrient strength without the need for your electricity bills to rise.

Unlike those extremely hot bulbs we’re asked to stay away, LEDs are safe because they don’t generate too much heat, eliminating the expense of arranging for a piece of cooling equipment.

In fact, the LED grow system keeps your plants at between 83 and 85 degrees F, saving you on your cooling equipment and optimizing your plant’s growth. Usually, at this range of temperatures, the chemical reactions involved in photosynthesis take place faster and more effectively.

Additionally, the durability and longevity of Full spectrum LED light is like a cheery on the top. That one LED you purchase will keep brightening for you for an average lifetime of 50.000 hours or more. Also, With LEDs, you manage to have greater light spread and better uniformity over the canopies.

When growing with LED lighting, successful growers working with Phlizone Full Spectrum LED have reported record-breaking results. They were able to produce a healthy and heavy harvest and experienced massive improvements in both yield and crop quality.

Section 3: Calculating the Right Amount of Light for a 10x10 Grow Room

- Understanding The Concept Of PPFD (Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density) And How It Applies To A 10x10 Space.

While getting your hands on the perfect LED fixture, wattage is one way to establish the light output needed for your plants, but recent research says they don’t equate to power output.

 

What matters the most now is the amount of usable light reaching per square foot of your growing area is its 'efficacy.' How efficient is it at converting the Watts you're putting in with plant-available light that is emitting? The next unit of measure we need to understand is PPFD.

 

Basically, as many biologists have interpreted PPFD," Its the rate of photosynthetically active photons that fall on a given surface each second."

 

Not this clearly means that PPFD shows light usefulness to plants. A standard rule of thumb is PPFD for the seedling stage should be around 100-200 µMol/m2/S, 200-500 µMol/m2/S for the vegetative stage, and 500-600 µMol/m2/S for the flowering and fruiting stage.

 

Depending on these metrics, you will get your clue as to how many LEDs you will need for your 10 x 10 growing space.

 

- Guidelines For Calculating The Required Wattage Of LED Lights Based On Plant Type And Growth Stage.

Calculating an LED light requirement for a defined grow room is based on a general standard, but it’s by no means a hard-and-fast rule.

 

A piece of standard advice suggests that you should consider 25 watts per square foot of LED for the vegetative phase and 50 watts per square for the flowering period. This simply indicates a 1:2 ratio between the veg and flowering phases.

 

So roughly, for a 10 x 10 or 100 square feet grow room, you’d theoretically want an LED light with a power draw somewhere between 2500 watts during the vegetative stage and 5000 watts during the flowering.

 

You can apply this formula for various types of LED grow lights. The problem is that watts don’t reflect anything about the true quality or intensity of light the fixture produces, mainly when it's highly efficient Top-tier LED lights because they can produce an even spread of high-intensity light at minimal wattage.

- Discussion On Light Distribution And The Importance Of Uniform Coverage In A 10x10 Grow Room.

Light management is obviously a critical task in the production of crops grown in controlled environments. When considering the different dimensions of light, one often ignored parameter is the uniformity of light.

The reason for the lack of light uniformity is due to a number of factors, such as the light source used, the reflector design, the type of fixtures, the light distribution, beam angle, fixture quantity, fixture spacing, and the distance of the fixtures from the plants themselves.

 

An uneven distribution means allowing your plants to suffer, creating different plant growth responses- those receiving more light than others and exhibiting irregular growth patterns can lead to uneven shading. In comparison, those that receive less light become weak and pale.

 

The irregularity can also raise problems with uneven water use. Plants receiving more light will dry quicker than those receiving less light. This makes proper irrigation challenging.

 

If you have a 10 x 10 grow space and there are a lot of plants with layers of canopy, then Phlizon LEDs can work. The variety of industry-leading grow lights allows you to attain flower production deep into the canopy, accelerating your yields and encouraging the plant to express its maximum genetic potential.

 

Section 4: Types of LED Lights Suitable for a 10x10 Grow Room

Overview Of Different Types Of LED Lights: Panels, Cob (Chip On Board) Lights, Quantum Boards, Etc.

Switching from a traditional lighting fixture to LED grow lights for a 10 x 10 grow room, you’ll see a drastic 60 – 90% reduction in your energy expenses. The question here is what type of LED will do that for you when you’ve got a range of options in the market.

 

Well, to help you get through this confusion, we’ve mentioned each type of LED with its pros and cons so that you can make a relative decision.

 

Panels LED: These are widely used LEDs in commercial applications for effective usability. They serve as a full spectrum grow light for hydroponic use and contain multiple rows of light-emitting diodes from a small 20-diode panel on up to 120 or more.

 

For an effective light distribution over a plant surrounding within a 10 x 10 grow room, there’s no better option than Phlizon FD-4500. It comes with dimmable switches that allow users to adjust the brightness level and provide flexibility to create different modes and atmospheres.

 

These panels have incredible power-saving capacities because they operate with advanced LED technology.

 

Their sleek design, clear brightening, and uniform pattern bring the best lighting quality to the 10 x 10 grow room. The diffuser installed within produces bright light and spreads it throughout the plants.

 

Moreover, advanced technology allows a light to glow up without flickering and remain unaffected by radio frequency interference.

 

The only drawback is that they’re higher on the budget when buying them for the first time, but their longer lifespan can end up saving money in the long run.

 

Chip on Board: An LED packaging technology in which multiple minor-sized LEDs are wired and bonded together on the board so that they can operate as a single light source. So, Instead of growing your plants with dozens or hundreds of individual light-emitting diodes, COB technology combines lighting under a single module.

 

It’s right that COB lights have also found their place in shooting studios, thanks to their uniform brightness. Filmmakers and photographers use COB LED grow lights in their photo sessions.

 

Despite their effective light intensity property, they're not exactly the best when it comes to spread because COB LEDs are a single-point light source.

 

Quantum Board: This is the newest addition to the LED grow light lineup, and it looks to be a flat panel with so many small diodes in general. Aside from the allure of their newer technology, they’re great at growing indoor plants, and the Phlizon units themselves can last a very long time. In fact, the one can last 100,000 hours; that’s over 14 years if you harvest every 15 weeks!

 

Quantum board LED is a popular grow light that spreads out over a larger area to cover a relatively larger heat sink, measuring a light efficacy of 2.7 umol/J.

 

For some people, the bad aspect is it tends to be expensive and involves a tricky installation process.

 

Section 5: Installation Tips and Best Practices

Tips on how to set up LED lights in a 10x10 grow room for optimal performance.

If you’re convinced enough about putting LEDs in your grow room having space of 10x10, now it’s the time to learn effective tips to install them.

Before you actually put it, see that the grow area is well-ventilated and clean. By this, we refer to an area having no dust particles or debris.

Using the adjustable rope or a chain, whatever is available, suspend your grow light and make sure it’s well supported or fixed with the structure.

Once you do that, connect it to the power source using the provided power cord.

One thing to remember here is that lights should be hung at a place that is easily approachable, accessible for maintenance, and suitable enough for plants.

Fixtures should be at least mounted at a height of 6-12 inches from the plant.

The lights should be placed farther away during the germination stage and can be brought closer as the plant reaches the flowering stage.

The best way is to thoroughly read the product manual so that you can make the most of your lighting fixture.

Discussion On Light Schedules And Dimming For Different Growth Stages.

Lighting schedules, especially when using LEDs, can vary from plant to plant, depending on their growth stages and environmental conditions. Close monitoring is what you always need to adjust the light intensity based on the plant's responses.

Whereas a general guideline can still be helpful for your understanding.

From germination to seedling, plants exposed to 16-18 hours of LED  light a day would be favorable. However, a light spectrum with a high proportion of blue light is needed for this stage of growth.

However, as the plant enters the vegetative part, a blend of blue and red light spectrum is needed, with a light duration of 14-16 hours per day. This even reduces when plants transit into the flowering phase with a light requirement of 12 hours per day. In this period, usually, a red-highlighted spectrum works wonders to stimulate flowers and develop fruit.

In the last pre-harvest stage, you must reduce the LED light emission to 8-12 hours.

To have an optimal situation at each growth cycle, LED grow lights with a dimmer switch can be a game changer for you.  The FD-series Dimmable LED grow lights enables growers to adjust the light intensity with the flick of a switch, so you can fix your light’s hanging height and save more electricity bills.

This will be helpful during the seedling and vegetative stages. Because during these early stages of growth, plants are more sensitive to light waves than during flowering. By contrast, the full intensity of Phlzion LEDs helps stimulate extra production once plant buds emerge.

- Maintenance And Safety Tips For LED Grow Lights.

So far, we’ve learned that LEDs are a major life savior for plants, but these tech gems would only prove fruitful when proper maintenance, care, and safety are practiced.

 

By that, we mean frequent cleaning of the diodes, frame, driver, and surge protector. A dirty LED fixture would not show the proper light intensity and would ultimately end up dying.

 

Occasionally, looking for any loopholes, such as loose connections, light cracks, and dents, would enable you to notice pre-damage signs that would otherwise create a massive health hazard.

 

Arranging a proper ventilation system where your indoor LEDs are placed would prove to be a good exercise to make it last longer. Although LED produces less heat than its other lighting counterparts, ensuring to prevent the air and heat accumulation inside would be beneficial.

 

Lastly, Always refer to the manufacturer’s guidelines on cleaning and maintenance specific to your LED grow lights model. They may provide additional instructions or precautions tailored to your particular product.

 

Section 6: Growing plants in a 10 x 10 grow room

Discussion on the outcome, challenges, and Tips

The number of plants that can be grown using a 10 x 10 growing space can be as low as 24 to a maximum of 430, depending upon the size and spacing you want.

Normally, the instructions on the seed packet would guide you about the required spacing, but you should also be aware of the methodology used in the planting process.

The expert tip is to never place plants too close. A stuffed or crowded garden reduces the amount of oxygen circulation, leading to the death of some plants.

 

It can also encourage the easy spread of diseases, which are hard to control when the plants are close to each other.

But that’s not even spacing them too much in the pursuit of bigger yield. This would result in less growth and too much wasted growing space.

Also, it’s worth noting that indoor plants require each other for pollination, meaning they won’t yield well when far apart. For example, growing ten plants in a 10×10 room would lead to wasted space. If your plants are tiny, you can grow 16 of them per square foot.

 

When you have pollinators, they need to jump from one plant to the other, but even with cross-pollination, when there is some space, it will eventually be better.

 

This growing space is extensive, so you will probably need about four 1000-watt or equivalent grow lights.

 

When trying to save a few bucks, you can also get by with using four 600-watt lights instead of the 1000-watt. Indoor Growing in a specified grow room allows growers to better manage heat and humidity in the growing environment and helps keep the growing space cleaner.

Conclusion

While traditional lighting sources have long since been the preferred choice for plant growing, LEDs, particularly full-spectrum light sources, are efficiently starting to take over. Undoubtedly, this is due to the fact that they're more stable, compact, and have an extended life span. Many of those factors translate to low utility costs for growers, as these lights simply don't have the heat or light output of other grow lights.

 

In order to optimize your LED grow lights, the first thing is to make sure they’re appropriately sized for your garden.

 

Specific parameters, including the wattage, seem to be what many small-scale gardeners and hobbyists look up to. While this is one measurement aspect, the most promising factors affecting coverage are the LEDs' efficiency and their beam angle.

 

Once you get hold of a basic understanding of metrics such as PPFD, PAR, lumen, and light uniformity, there’ll be no difficulty in getting the ideal light fixtures for the plant's needs.

 

 

Leave a comment

Related Posts

Comprehensive Guide: LED Grow Lights for Indoor Succulent Plants
Comprehensive Guide: LED Grow Lights for Indoor Succulent Plants

Comprehensive Guide: LED Grow Lights for Indoor Succulent Plants

What is the Best LED Light Spectrum for Plant Growth?
What is the Best LED Light Spectrum for Plant Growth?

What is the Best LED Light Spectrum for Plant Growth?

Top 10 Q&A About Greenhouse Lighting for Optimal Plant Growth
Top 10 Q&A About Greenhouse Lighting for Optimal Plant Growth

Top 10 Q&A About Greenhouse Lighting for Optimal Plant Growth

Comprehensive Guige for Beginner: Grow Vegetables Indoor
Comprehensive Guige for Beginner: Grow Vegetables Indoor

Comprehensive Guige for Beginner: Grow Vegetables Indoor

How Does the Color of Light Affect Plant Growth?
How Does the Color of Light Affect Plant Growth?

How Does the Color of Light Affect Plant Growth?

Can I Use Regular LED Strip Lights to Grow Plants?
Can I Use Regular LED Strip Lights to Grow Plants?

Can I Use Regular LED Strip Lights to Grow Plants?

Identifying Symptoms of Disease of indoor Plants and Promoting Plant Health
 Identifying Symptoms of Disease of indoor Plants and Promoting Plant Health

Identifying Symptoms of Disease of indoor Plants and Promoting Plant Health

How Long to Leave UV Light on Plants?
How Long to Leave UV Light on Plants?

How Long to Leave UV Light on Plants?

How Long Do LED Grow Lights Last?
How Long Do LED Grow Lights Last?

How Long Do LED Grow Lights Last?

What Spectrum Does Your Plant Need Indoors?
What Spectrum Does Your Plant Need Indoors?

What Spectrum Does Your Plant Need Indoors?

Do Grow Lights Have UV?
Do Grow Lights Have UV?

Do Grow Lights Have UV?

Can You Leave LED Grow Lights on Throughout the Night?
Can You Leave LED Grow Lights on Throughout the Night?

Can You Leave LED Grow Lights on Throughout the Night?